Philodendron esmeraldense

Philodendron esmeraldense Croat is a gorgeous, large growing epiphyte or terrestrial on steep banks. Petioles are broadly sulcate to narrowly and obtusely sulcate at base, terete to obtusely flattened midway, at apex terete,finely and closely striate throughout. Semiglossy to weakly glossy and medium to dark green, firm and flexible, densely palelineate-striate, weakly asperous, sometimes finely ribbed transversely. Leaf blades narrowly ovate-elliptic, widest in lower half, gradually and narrowlyacuminate at apex, deeply lobed at base, subcoriaceous, dark green and matte; subvelvetyabove, moderately paler and moderately glossy below.


The species is named for the Esmeraldas Province in Ecuador where the species is one the most abundant and conspicuous species in the flora.

From the Modern Latin genus name Philodendron (Schott, 1830), from Greek philodendron, neuter of philodendros "loving trees," from philo- "loving" (see philo-) + dendron "tree" (from PIE *der-drew-, from root *deru- "to be firm, solid, steadfast," also forming words for "wood, tree"). The plant so called because it clings to trees.

Philodendron esmeraldense

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  • Name:Philodendron esmeraldense Croat
    Type: herbaceous evergreen
    Form:  Epiphytic chamaephytes
    Family: Araceae
    Native Range:  Colombia and Ecuador
    Zone: 12-13
    Habitat: ranges fromColombia (Valle) to Ecuador at 165–1100 min Tropical wet forest and Tropical rain forest lifezones.
    Height: to 5-7m
    Spread: 100-200cm
    Sun: Part shade
    Water: Medium
    Maintenance: Low
    Leaf: Evergreen
    Tolerate: Semi Shade

    Taxon identifiers: PlantList-ID : kew-151535; Tropicos ID : 2103202; IPNI plant ID : 87722-1; Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID : 2870714; Encyclopedia of Life ID : 1135417; TAXREF ID : 731584; WCSPF ID : 151535; Plants of the World online ID :; IRMNG ID : 11162442; NCBI taxonomy ID : 2093180; iNaturalist taxon ID : 560357; World Flora Online ID : wfo-0000268566

    Synonyms: no synonyms recorded