Philodendron squamicaule Croat & Grayum is characterized by beautiful red (less frequently white or green) petioles with very densely arranged trichomes. It is a hemiepiphytic; appressed-climbing aroid. Petioles are erect-spreading, terete to subterete, purplish to dark brown, surface densely scaly, flattened, with a sparse underlay of tubercules; petiolar scales of two types, short purplish scales deltoid interspersed with much longer, spreading light green acicular scales. Blades ovate-triangular, thinly coriaceous to subcoriaceous, conspicuously bicolorous, short acuminate to acute at apex, sagittate-cordate at base, margins hyaline, upper surface medium to dark green, semiglossy to sometimes almost matte above, slightly paler, light to silvery-green, glossy to semiglossy below.
It is very sensitive to dry environments and underwatering.
From the Modern Latin genus name Philodendron (Schott, 1830), from Greek philodendron, neuter of philodendros "loving trees," from philo- "loving" (see philo-) + dendron "tree" (from PIE *der-drew-, from root *deru- "to be firm, solid, steadfast," also forming words for "wood, tree"). The plant so called because it clings to trees.
Name: Philodendron squamicaule Croat & Grayum
Type: herbaceous evergreen
Native Range: SE. Nicaragua to Ecuador
Habitat: low elevation cloud forest at 900-1100, Cordillera del Cóndor.
Height: to 90cm
Sun: Part shade
Tolerate: Semi Shade
Taxon identifiers: not yet published
Synonyms: no synonyms recorded