Philodendron verrucosum

Philodendron verrucosum Mathieu ex Schott is a species which can be extremely variable in appearance. It  is know for its wonderful velvety foliage and beautiful, colourful leaf undersides. Some of these Philodendrons are known to hold deep red lower leaf color into maturity and some to only show it when juvenile. It is usually hemiepiphytic, rarely terrestrial or epiphytic. Stem is appressed-climbing, densely scaly or setose, trichomes green to greenish white. Petioles are subterete, purplish violet to brownish, surface densely scaly, the scales of two distinct types, short, broad, often lacerate scales interspersed with long acicular scales, the latter erect, or spreading then erect. Leaf blades are broadly ovate-cordate, thinly coriaceous, moderately bicolorous. velvety to matte.

From the Modern Latin genus name Philodendron (Schott, 1830), from Greek philodendron, neuter of philodendros "loving trees," from philo- "loving" (see philo-) + dendron "tree" (from PIE *der-drew-, from root *deru- "to be firm, solid, steadfast," also forming words for "wood, tree"). The plant so called because it clings to trees.

 

Philodendron verrucosum

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  • Name: Philodendron verrucosum L.Mathieu ex Schott
    Type: herbaceous evergreen
    Form:   Chamaephytes
    Family: Araceae
    Native Range: Ecuador and Peru
    Zone: 11-13
    Habitat: ranges from Costa Rica to Peru at 200 to 1500 (mostly above 500) m elevation, mostly in Premontane rain forest and Tropical Lower Montane rain forest but also in Tropical wet forest. In Central America, it occurs principally on the Atlantic slope or near the Continental Divide in Costa Rica and Panama but also on the Pacific slope in southwestern Costa Rica. In South America, it ranges along the Pacific slope of the Andes to as far south as El Oro and Cotopaxi Provinces in Ecuador, but also occurs on the eastern slopes of the Andes in Napo and Morona-Santiago as well as in Peru in the departments of San Martín and Junín at 750 to 1850 m elevation.
    Height: to 4m
    Spread: 100-120cm
    Sun: Part shade
    Water: Medium
    Maintenance: High
    Leaf: Evergreen
    Tolerate: Semi Shade

    Taxon identifiers: CBI taxonomy ID : 405628; Freebase ID : /m/06619p3; PlantList-ID : kew-152027; Tropicos ID : 2103367; IPNI plant ID : 314474-2; Encyclopedia of Life ID : 1135124; Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID : 2871089; EPPO Code : PIOVE; WCSPF ID : 152027; Plants of the World online ID : urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:314474-2; IRMNG ID : 10606528; iNaturalist taxon ID : 543397; World Flora Online ID : wfo-0000269092

    Synonyms: = Philodendron carderi = Philodendron daguense Linden & André = Philodendron discolor K.Krause = Philodendron lindenii Engl. = Philodendron pilatonense Engl. ≡ Philodendron verrucosum Mathieu