Thaumatophyllum 'African fantasy' is hybrid of Thaumatophyllum bipinnatifidum Schott (previously Philodendron selloum) and Thaumatophyllum spruceanum Schott (previously Philodendron goeldii). It produces very beautiful, variable, dark green leaves of which no two are the same.
The genus Thaumatophyllum was erected by Heinrich Wilhelm Schott in 1859, with the sole species Thaumatophyllum spruceanum. In 1962, G.M. Barroso transferred T. spruceanum to Philodendron. (However, the transfer was not made correctly and Barroso's name Philodendron spruceanum is illegitimate.) While in Philodendron, T. spruceanum was placed, along with other species, in subgenus Meconostigma. A series of molecular phylogenetic studies, particularly from 2008 onwards, suggested that, when broadly circumscribed, Philodendron was not monophyletic. In 2018, it was proposed that subgenus Meconostigma should be raised to the rank of genus, under the name Thaumatophyllum. The proposal has been accepted by Plants of the World Online, among other taxonomic databases.
Genus name comes from Ancient Greek “θαυματ-” (“thaumato-”, wonder, miracle) + “φύλλον” (“phyllum”, leaf); wonderful leaf, referring to the beautiful and peculiar leaves of the type species.
Thaumatophyllum 'African fantasy'
Name: Thaumatophyllum 'African fantasy' - a hybrid of Thaumatophyllum bipinnatifidum Schott (previously Philodendron selloum) and Thaumatophyllum spruceanum Schott (previously Philodendron goeldii).
Type: herbaceous evergreen
Native Range: hybrid
Height: to 150
Spread: 100-150 cm
Sun: Part shade
Tolerate: Semi Shade
Taxon identifiers: none (hybrid)
Synonyms: no synonyms recorded (hybrid)